Managers and owners of hotels may have to deal with bed bug infestations, with a plan of action in place for getting rid of them. Responsible hotel management will make sure that bed bugs aren’t an issue by performing regular inspections and other steps in a complete plan.
Here are steps a hotel can take to eliminate bed bugs.
Inspection of Hotel Rooms
The first step hotelsshould take in removing bed bugs is inspecting the rooms to determine how severe the infestation is; in bedsheets, box springs, and nearby furniture and flooring. There are several signs of bed bugs that hotels should look for when figuring out the level of infestation, including:
- Fecal spots – Fecal spots could be bed bug waste, and appear as thin black streaks on bedsheets and upholstered furniture.
- Shed skins – These are left behind as bed bugs molt, showing that they are growing into adults, similar to other insects and arachnids. They will appear as gold-colored shells.
- Blood spots – These are dark red and are found where bed bugs have been crushed, opening their stomach.
- Bed bug eggs – Eggs are milky white and around the size of a grain of rice.
- Live bed bugs – Bed bugs are dark red and brown, growing to the size of around five millimeters, with six legs, short antennae, and a segmented abdomen that has tiny hairs.
Preparing the Room
Hotel staff shouldl then prepare the room for treatment by reducing clutter to eliminate possible hiding spaces and to assist in speeding up the heating process. Item such as books, clothing, drawer contents, and electronics should always be sealed in bags and stored out of the treated room. Staff should also remove couch cushions and lean the mattress against a nearby wall.
All dresser drawers and closets should be opened to facilitate heating throughout, followed by pre-heating the room to 90 degrees or higher, sealing all windows to trap the heat.
Treating the Room
Heater units are placed around the bed and other areas in the room, with time to allow them to heat up. Heaters should be on the high setting until the room reaches approximately 106 degree.
Fans are also used in heavily infested areas to circulate the heat and bring these areas to 130 degrees for two to four hours, which is the temperature at which bed bugs are killed.
After this is completed, hotels should apply a spray to prevent any potential future infestations.
Failure to take these steps can result in severe infestations, for which bite victims may be able to receive compensation.